Canted Persistent Spin Texture and Quantum Spin Hall Effect in WTe 2

We report an unconventional quantum spin Hall phase in the monolayer WTe2, which exhibits hitherto unknown features in other topological materials. The low symmetry of the structure induces a canted spin texture in the yz plane, which dictates the spin polarization of topologically protected boundary states. Additionally, the spin Hall conductivity gets quantized (2e2/h) with a spin quantization axis parallel to the canting direction. These findings are based on large-scale quantum simulations of the spin Hall conductivity tensor and nonlocal resistances in multiprobe geometries using a realistic tight-binding model elaborated from first-principle methods. The observation of this canted quantum spin Hall effect, related to the formation of topological edge states with nontrivial spin polarization, demands for specific experimental design and suggests interesting alternatives for manipulating spin information in topological materials.

Phys. Rev. Lett. 125, 256603 (2020)

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